The contemporary significance of qingming festival
Apr 02, 2019
Qingming festival, which combines shangsi festival and cold food festival, is a festival full of nostalgia. At the same time, because of the qingming solar term, it is also a day for hiking and getting close to nature. It should be said that the qingming festival both mourning relatives, and outing laughter, is a rich national color holiday.
Ancestor worship on tomb-sweeping day embodies the traditional Chinese concept of respecting relatives and ancestors and worshipping zong longsi, and its core is the culture of loyalty and filial piety of Confucian ethics. China has a long history of folk beliefs. From the incomprehension of dreams, birth and death, human beings have developed the initial belief, that is, "soul". The primitive people believed that man was composed of body and soul. After death, the body could decay and disappear, but the soul would be immortal. And in people's minds, souls are related by blood. "Zuo zhuan · hei's ten years" : "god does not shin non-type, people do not worship non-clan. Therefore, in order to get the protection and shade of their relatives, the ancients often slaughter animals as offerings to express their reverence for the "dead". Later, people called the social etiquette of saluting to the "undead" "sacrifice". Sacrifice belongs to the "auspicious ceremony", which is the first of the five rites (auspicious, inauspicious, guest, military, jia). In the book of rites and sacrificial rites, it is said, "the way to govern people is not to rush into ceremony. There are five sutras in ritual, nothing is more important than sacrifice.
Only in the spring and autumn before the implementation of ancestral temple sacrifice, and no tomb offering. Tomb offerings appeared during the spring and autumn period and the warring states period. Mencius lilou xia tells the story of the sacrifice between qi and dongguo, which indicates that the tomb sacrifice did exist at that time. By the han dynasty, people had attached great importance to tomb offerings. Wang chong of the eastern han dynasty said in his treatise on balance and four taboos that there were four "common taboos" at that time. Wei, jin, southern and northern dynasties, although the social unrest, beacon still, people still pay attention to the grave. "Biography of king gaoyang of the book of wei" : "officials in charge of affairs, good or bad leave, will be provincial sweep worship, often ten calendar calendar. However, there was no fixed time for tomb sweeping until the tang dynasty. "The old book of tang · xuanzong ji" records: "cold food on the tomb, the appropriate five rites, forever for the constant type. The song dynasty also stipulated: "from cold food to tomb-sweeping day, all places must offer sacrifices to the tombs.
It can be seen that qingming ancestor worship is a kind of virtue behavior of the Chinese nation to remember its ancestors and inspire future generations. The master said, "life is a matter of ceremony. To die is to be buried, to sacrifice is to be sacrificed." It is this idea of filial piety passed down from generation to generation that has become the code of conduct for modern people to respect filial piety, be grateful and do things. This kind of filial piety and etiquette can be expressed not only as gratitude to the ancestors, but also as nostalgia for the deceased and revolutionary martyrs. It can not only build a harmonious intergenerational relationship between the present and the predecessors, but also create a harmonious atmosphere between mankind and nature. Today, through the activities of ancestor worship, we advocate the good moral fashion of respecting relatives and respecting the old, which is the embodiment of the spirit core of Confucian ethics "the use of ceremony, harmony is the most precious" (" the analects of Confucius · learning "). To sum up, the Chinese nation, collectively called the descendants of yan and huang, is itself a kinship group. The annual tomb-sweeping day of shaanxi huangdi mausoleum worship (), is the Chinese at home and abroad to our entire nation ancestral identity of the true reflection. Therefore, the five thousand years of civilization of the Chinese nation can be inherited, and the qingming festival to ancestors "sacrifice to death ceremony" is inseparable. Of course, the filial piety we advocate is the respect, kindness and care of relatives when they are alive, rather than the luxurious funeral procession, tall mausoleum and the extravagance of sweeping tombs. If so, it will sully the qingming this "ancestor worship national essence, easy to do filial piety" traditional virtues.
Qingming outing is a spring activity for the Chinese nation to get close to nature and protect the new life. Heaven is orderly, everything has its rhythm. The qingming festival is followed by the spring equinox, when the weather warmers up and trees germinate. People go for a spring outing in the qingming festival to comply with the nature. The combination of nature and man is the embodiment of the harmonious relationship between man and nature, and the true expression of people's love for life.