The origin of Chinese Tree Planting Day
Mar 12, 2019
The Chinese have a long tradition of planting trees. In the book "zengguang xian wen" in the qing dynasty, the idiom "unintentionally insert willows and willows into shade" describes the ancient tradition of "insert willows and plant trees" during the tomb-sweeping day. In the history of our country, the earliest roadside tree is a man named wei xiaokuan. According to the 52nd biography of the northern history by li yanshou of the tang dynasty, in the second year of the dethroned emperor of the western wei dynasty (552 AD), wei xiaokuan was awarded the historical commission of yongzhou for his military service. In ancient times, every Chinese mile on the official road was marked with a moutai to calculate the mileage of the road, which is the predecessor of the present milestone. After wei xiaokuan took office, he found that the soil was easy to collapse after being exposed to the wind and the sun, especially after being washed by rain. After the investigation, wei xiaokuan resolutely ordered all the official roads in yongzhou to be replaced by a locust tree to mark the mileage. In this way, it can also play a role in protecting pedestrians from wind and rain. Wei xiaokuan's act of benefiting the mulberry and catalpa and benefiting the country and the people made the people of shaanxi have a special liking for locust trees and widely planted them. The locust tree has become the city tree of xi 'an.
However, the origin of "3.12 Arbor Day" today is closely related to sun yat-sen, the forerunner of China's modern democratic revolution. Sun yat-sen was the first person in modern Chinese history who realized the importance of forests and advocated afforestation. As early as in 1893, he pointed out in the "upper li hongzhang book" that "China is eager to learn agriculture, pay attention to arbors"; Later, when he gave a speech on "the three people's principles" in guangzhou, he pointed out again: "the fundamental way to prevent floods and droughts is to build forests. In July 1915, at the initiative of sun yat-sen, the then beiyang government officially ordered that the annual qingming festival as Arbor Day. Sun yat-sen died on March 12, 1925. In 1928, to commemorate the third anniversary of Dr. Sun yat-sen's death, the national government held a tree-planting ceremony, and the day of his death, that is, March 12 as Arbor Day.
In 1979, under the proposal of deng xiaoping, the sixth session of the fifth National People's Congress standing committee decided to set March 12 every year as China's Arbor Day, to encourage the people of all ethnic groups in China to plant trees for the benefit of future generations. In February 1979, the standing committee of the National People's Congress, in accordance with the proposal of the state council, formally adopted the annual March 12 as Arbor Day resolution. In September 1984, the seventh session of the standing committee of the sixth National People's Congress adopted the general provisions of the forest law of the People's Republic of China, which stipulates that "afforestation and forest protection are the obligations of citizens", thus incorporating "afforestation" into the legal scope.
Today, "3.12 Arbor Day" has become an important festival in China, it aims to remind people to respect nature, love trees, to realize that trees and human survival and reproduction and the earth's ecological environment is closely related, inseparable.